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Does Functional Medicine Help Diabetes?

Does Functional Medicine Help Diabetes?

By Dr. Patrick Lovegrove Medically Reviewed by Lindsay Langley, BSN, RN, CHT
Posted Saturday, August 19th, 2023
Does Functional Medicine Help Diabetes?

Functional medicine is a healthcare approach that centers on the patient and aims to comprehend and treat the root causes of health issues. Disease rather than just treating symptoms. It views the body as an interconnected system. It recognizes the importance of treating everyone, considering lifestyle, environment, genetics, and individuality.

High blood sugar levels are caused by diabetes, a health condition that persists over a long period due to the body’s inability to produce or use insulin effectively. This condition can lead to severe complications. While conventional medicine offers valuable treatments, functional medicine provides an alternative perspective on managing diabetes.

Understanding Functional Medicine

Functional medicine is based on several core principles. These include the understanding that each person is unique, with individual genetic and biochemical makeup, and that the body can heal itself given the right conditions. It also emphasizes the importance of a patient-practitioner partnership and a systems-oriented approach that our goal is to pinpoint and solve the underlying reasons behind illnesses.

Unlike traditional medicine, which often focuses on symptom management, functional medicine delves deeper to uncover the underlying causes of health issues. In the case of diabetes, functional medicine seeks to identify the specific factors contributing to insulin resistance, impaired glucose regulation, or pancreatic dysfunction. By addressing these root causes, functional medicine aims to enhance overall health and minimize reliance on medication.

Functional medicine recognizes each person’s unique health needs and emphasizes personalized treatment plans. Healthcare practitioners consider a patient’s medical history, genetics, lifestyle, environment, and other relevant factors to design an individualized approach to managing diabetes. This tailored strategy allows for targeted interventions and a focus on the most effective lifestyle modifications for the individual.

Functional Medicine Approach to Diabetes

Functional medicine begins with a comprehensive assessment to understand the patient’s health history and condition.

  • Reviewing medical history: Detailed information about past medical diagnoses, treatments, and lifestyle habits provides important insights into the patient’s health journey.
  • Comprehensive lab testing: Functional medicine practitioners often order extensive laboratory tests to evaluate various aspects of the patient’s health. It can include assessing blood sugar levels, lipid profiles, hormone levels, inflammation markers, nutrient deficiencies, and gut health, among other factors.

Identifying Underlying Factors

Functional medicine aims to identify and address the underlying factors contributing to diabetes. Some key areas of investigation include:

  1. Genetic predisposition: Genetic testing can reveal certain genes. Certain variations are linked to a higher chance of developing diabetes. This information can help guide personalized treatment strategies.
  2. Lifestyle and environmental factors: Examining lifestyle factors such as diet, physical activity, stress levels, sleep patterns, and exposure to toxins or pollutants can uncover contributing factors to diabetes.
  3. Nutritional imbalances: Evaluating the patient’s diet and assessing nutrient deficiencies or imbalances can guide dietary interventions and supplementation.
  4. Gut health and microbiome: The gut microbiome plays a significant role in metabolic health and can influence the development and progression of diabetes. Assessing gut health and considering interventions such as probiotics or dietary changes can be beneficial.
  5. Chronic inflammation: Chronic inflammation is closely linked to insulin resistance and diabetes. Identifying and addressing sources of inflammation through diet, lifestyle modifications, and targeted interventions can be a key component of functional medicine treatment.

Individualized Treatment Strategies

Based on the holistic assessment and identification of underlying factors, functional medicine practitioners develop individualized treatment strategies for diabetes management. These strategies may include:

  1. Diet and nutrition: To optimize blood sugar control and overall health, tailor dietary recommendations, such as a low-carbohydrate or anti-inflammatory diet, based on the patient’s specific needs and goals.
  2. Exercise and physical activity: Designing an exercise plan that suits the patient’s fitness level and preferences to improve insulin sensitivity, manage weight, and promote overall well-being.
  3. Stress management techniques: Teaching stress reduction techniques such as meditation, mindfulness, and yoga. Consider practicing breathing exercises to regulate blood sugar levels and boost your overall resilience.
  4. Sleep optimization: Addressing sleep disturbances or disorders and guiding sleep hygiene practices to support metabolic health and blood sugar regulation.
  5. Nutritional supplementation: Recommending targeted supplements, such as vitamins, minerals, or botanicals, to address nutrient deficiencies, support insulin sensitivity, or modulate inflammation.
  6. Targeted medications, if necessary: While functional medicine emphasizes lifestyle changes, some individuals with diabetes may still require medication. Functional medicine practitioners collaborate with conventional healthcare providers to determine each patient’s most appropriate medication options.

Evidence of Functional Medicine’s Effectiveness in Diabetes Management

Clinical Studies and Research Findings

Though functional medicine is relatively young, a growing body of research supports its effectiveness in diabetes management. Some studies have demonstrated improved blood sugar control, insulin sensitivity, and overall health outcomes when applying functional medicine principles.

Success Stories and Patient Testimonials

Many individuals with diabetes have reported positive outcomes and improved quality of life through functional medicine approaches. These success stories highlight the potential benefits of addressing root causes and adopting a personalized, comprehensive treatment plan.

Advantages and Limitations of Functional Medicine for Diabetes


  1. Focus on prevention and root causes: Functional medicine’s emphasis on identifying and addressing the underlying causes of diabetes promotes long-term health improvements and reduces reliance on symptom management.
  2. Personalized and patient-centered care: Functional medicine recognizes the uniqueness of each patient and tailors treatment plans accordingly, empowering individuals to actively participate in their health journey.
  3. Integration of conventional and alternative approaches: Functional medicine embraces a wide range of therapeutic interventions, incorporating both conventional and alternative modalities to provide a comprehensive approach to diabetes management.


  1. Limited insurance coverage: In some regions, insurance plans may not cover functional medicine services, making it more challenging for individuals to access these treatments.
  2. Availability and accessibility: Functional medicine practitioners may be less common in some areas, limiting access to this type of care. It can be particularly challenging for individuals residing in remote or underserved areas.
  3. Lack of standardization: Functional medicine is a diverse field with varying approaches and treatment protocols. Patients may need help finding qualified practitioners due to the absence of standardization.


Functional medicine offers a patient-centered approach to diabetes management by addressing the underlying causes of the disease and tailoring treatment strategies to the individual. By focusing on prevention, personalized care, and a comprehensive approach, functional medicine can potentially improve health outcomes and enhance the overall well-being of individuals with diabetes.

Individuals with diabetes are encouraged to explore functional medicine as a complementary approach to their conventional treatment. Engaging with a qualified functional medicine practitioner can provide valuable insights, personalized guidance, and additional tools to optimize diabetes management.

Individuals with diabetes must consult with healthcare professionals, including conventional and functional medicine practitioners, to receive personalized advice and develop a comprehensive treatment plan that aligns with their unique needs and medical history. Collaboration between healthcare providers can ensure the integration of the best conventional and functional medicine approaches for optimal diabetes care.

About the author

Dr. Patrick Lovegrove